Chief Ministers Of Kerala

Chief Ministers Of Kerala

Term: 5 years
Appointed By: Governor of Kerala
Salary of Chief Minister: ₹1,85,000
Residence: Cliff House

A chief minister is the elected or appointed executive head of the state government.He/she is elected for a five-year term. The appointing authority is the governor of the state.

In this post lists the various Chief Ministers who served our state Kerala for the past 64 years and some interesting facts related to them. Most of the facts listed below repeatedly asked in various PSC exams.

Basic Facts 

  • Total No. of persons served as Chief Minister of Kerala as of 2021 - 12.
  • First Chief Minister of Kerala – E.M.S. Namboothiripad.
  • First Chief Minister of Travancore-Kochi – Paravur T.K. Narayana Pillai.
    • Last Chief Minister of Travancore-Kochi – Panampilli Govinda Menon.
  • Chief Minister in Travancore-Cochin after the first general election –  A.J. John.
  • No. of CMs who resigned from office – 10.
  • Deputy Chief Ministers of Kerala – 3
    • R. Sankar – Pattom A. Thanu Pillai Ministry, 1960–1962.
    • C.H. Mohammed Koya – K. Karunakaran Ministry, 1981–1982 & 1982–1987
      • C.H. died in 1983.
    • K. Avukader Kutty Naha – K. Karunakaran Ministry, 1982–1987.
  • First Minister in Kerala (Cochin State) to resign followed by no-confidence motion – Dr. A.R. Menon (1942).

Chief Ministers of Kerala

E.M.S. Namboodiripad

  • First Chief Minister of Kerala.
  • Served Two Terms – 1957 & 1967.
  • First non-Congress Chief Minister of India.
  • First Chief Minister to appear on a postal stamp.
  • First Chief Minister who later became the opposition leader.
  • Longest-served Opposition leader - 1960 to 1964 & 1970 to 1977.
  • First Chief Minister of Kerala who lost power through Article 356.
  • Elected from the Nileswaram constituency in the first general election of Kerala.
  • Chief Minister of Kerala when the Kerala government in 1957 chose to return the press confiscated in 1910 to the heirs of Vakkom Maulavi.

Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

  • Only Person who headed Travancore, Thiru-Kochi & Kerala.
    • Thiru-Kochi – Chief Minister.
    • Travancore – Prime Minister.
  • First Chief Minister of Kerala who was born in the 19th century.
  • Only Chief Minister of Kerala who later became the Governor of an Indian State – Punjab (1962) & Andhra Pradesh (1964).
  • Leader of first coalition ministry in Kerala.
  • Leader of Vimochana Samaram (Liberation Struggle).

C. Achuthamenon

  • First Chief Minister who completed the term of five years.
  • First Chief Minister who introduced 'Dies Non.'
  • First CM who took the oath outside Raj Bhavan.
  • First Communist Chief Minister to complete the term.
  • First Rajya Sabha member to become Chief Minister of Kerala.
  • First Chief Minister of Kerala who held the office seven years (2 terms) consecutively – 1969-1977.
  • Chief Minister of Kerala during the emergency of 1975.
    • The emergency of 1975 – Home minister: K. Karunakaran & Governor: N.N. Wanchoo.
  • Longest continuous serving CM of Kerala (2364 days).
  • First Finance Minister of Kerala.
  • First Finance Minister to present Budget (on 7 June 1957).
  • Second CM to appear on a postal stamp.
  • First Chief Minister to seek a vote of confidence in the Kerala Legislative Assembly.
  • Became member of Cochin Praja Mandal, Thiru-Kochi, Kerala Legislative Assemblies & Rajya Sabha.

K. Karunakaran

  • First Congress CM who completed the term.
  • Shortest Ministry –1977 (33 days).
  • CM for maximum no. of times – 4 times (1977, 1981, 1982 & 1991).
  • CM of Kerala when the Panchayat Raj Act was passed.
  • Chief Minister of Kerala who became a member of five different assemblies.
  • Chief Minister of Kerala who faced maximum no of No-confidence motions.
  • Member in Cochin, Travancore-Cochin and Kerala Legislature.
  • Home minister during emergency.
  • Founder of United Democratic Front (UDF) in 1970.
  • Served as the Minister for Industries in the Union Cabinet in 1995 (1 year).

R. Sankar

  • First Congress Chief Minister.
  • First Chief Minister who presented the budget.
  • First Chief Minister from a backward community.
  • First to become Chief Minister after holding the position of Deputy Chief Minister.
  • First CM to resign when No-confidence motion was passed in the Assembly.
    • The person who presented No-confidence motion against R. Sankar – P.K. Kunju.
  • First Deputy Chief Minister of Kerala (Pattom A. Thanu Pillai ministry, 1960–1962; also served as finance minister).

C.H. Muhammed Koya

  • Shortest-served CM of Kerala (54 days).
  • First & Only Chief Minister from the Muslim Community.
  • The Only person to hold the office of MLA, MP, Speaker, Minister, Deputy Chief Minister, and Chief Minister.
  • First Person to become Chief Minister after holding the post of Speaker.
  • Only Chief Minister who later became Deputy Chief Minister.
  • Only person to become Deputy Chief Minister twice.
  • Only Chief Minister who later became a minister in the later years.

E.K. Nayanar

  • Longest-served CM of Kerala (4009 days).
    • 11 years, three terms:1980-1981, 1987-1991 & 1996-2001.

P.K. Vasudevan Nair

  • First Person to hold the post of Opposition Leader, Minister & Chief Minister in the same assembly.

A.K. Antony

  • Youngest Chief Minister (37 years old).
  • First to become Central Cabinet Minister after becoming Chief Minister.
  • CM of Kerala when Panchayat Raj came into force.
  • CM during the period of Arrack ban (1996) & unemployment wages.
  • First to become Rajyasabha Member after becoming Chief Minister.
  • First to become longest-served Defence Minister of India for continuous 8 years.
  • First to become Central Cabinet Minister after becoming Chief Minister.

Oommen Chandy

  • CM with the lowest majority in the history of Kerala.
  • CM who introduced Sutharya Keralam.
  • First  & Only Chief Minister to receive United Nations Public Service Award (2013).

V.S. Achuthanandan

  • Oldest person to become the Chief Minister (83 years old).

Pinarayi Vijayan

  • Third Chief Minister in the state to be re-elected.
  • First chief minister to be re-elected after completing a full term (five years) in office.
  • Longest-serving secretary of Kerala CPI(M) State Committee (1998 to 2015).

List of Chief Ministers in Kerala So far:

1.EMS Namboodiripad05/04/1957 – 31/07/1957CPI
2.Pattam A. Thanu Pillai22/02/1960 – 26/09/1962Praja Socialist Party
3.R. Sankar26/09/1962 – 10/09/1964INC
4.EMS Namboodiripad06/03/1967 – 01/11/1969CPI (Marxist)
5.C. Achutha Menon01/11/1969 – 01/08/1970CPI
6.C. Achutha Menon04/10/1970 – 25/03/1977CPI
7.K Karunakaran25/03/1977 – 25/04/1977INC
8.A.K. Antony27/04/1977 – 27/10/1978INC
9.P.K. Vasudevan Nair29/10/1978 – 07/10/1979CPI/td>
10.C.H. Mohammed Koya12/10/1979 – 01/12/1979Indian Union Muslim League
11.E.K. Nayanar25/01/1980 – 0/10/1981CPI(Marxist)
12.K Karunakaran28/12/1981 – 17/03/1982
24/05/1982 – 25/03/1987
13.E.K. Nayanar26/03/1987 – 17/06/1991CPI(Marxist)
14.K Karunakaran24/06/1991 – 16/03/1995INC
15.A.K. Antony22/03/1995 – 09/05/1996INC
16.E.K. Nayanar20/05/1996 – 13/05/2001CPI (Marxist)
17.A.K. Antony17/05/2001 – 29/08/2004INC
18.Oommen Chandy31/08/2004 – 18/05/2006INC
19.V.S. Achuthanandan18/05/2006 – 14/05/2011CPI (Marxist)
20.Oommen Chandy18/05/20111 – 20/5/2016INC
21.Pinarayi Vijayan25 May 2016 – May 2021CPI
21.Pinarayi Vijayan20 May 2021 – IncumbentCPI
*CPI - Communist Party of India
*INC- Indian National Congress

Click here to know more about the books written by the Chief Ministers of Kerala


  • President's rule – 7 times (4 years).
  • First Prime Minister of TravancorePattom Thanupillai.
    • Last Prime Minister of Travancore – Paravoor T.K. Ramakrishnan.
  • First Prime Minister of Thiru-Kochi – Paravoor T.K. Ramakrishnan.
  • First Chief Minister of Thiru-Kochi (Travancore-Kochi) – Paravoor T.K. Narayana Pillai.
    • Last Chief Minister of Thiru-KochiPanampally Govinda Menon.
  • First & Last Prime Minister of KochiE. Ikkanda Warrier.
  • First Communist to be elected to a Legislative Assembly – K. Ananthan Nambiyar. (Madras Legislative Assembly, 1946).
  • House or Residence:
    • Leader of Opposition: Cantonment House.
    • Kerala Speaker: Neethi.
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