Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala
Wildlife Sanctuaries are protected areas included in the ICUN Category IV. Kerala has 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 2 Tiger reserves (Parambikulam & Periyar) and one Community reserve.

All you need to know about the Wildlife Sanctuaries & Bird Sanctuaries in Kerala like their locations, the year in which they were established, their epithets, etc. for various psc exams.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

Basic Facts

  • Total No.of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala – 18.
  • First Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala –Periyar WLS.
  • Largest Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala – Periyar WLS.
  • Smallest Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala – Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary.
  • Second largest Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala – Wayanad WLS.
  • Southernmost Wildlife Sanctuary – Neyyar WLS.
  • Northernmost Wildlife Sanctuary – Aralam WLS.
  • Lastly (18th) formed Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala – Kottiyoor WLS (2011).
  • District with Largest reserve forest – Idukki.
  • District with Least reserve forest – Alappuzha.
  • First Bird Sanctuary in Kerala – Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary.
  • First Reserve Forest in Kerala – Konni (1888, by Travancore Forest Act of 1887).
  • First Community reserve in Kerala – Kadalundi-Vallikkunnu (2007).
  • First Wildlife Sanctuary in India for the conservation of a particular plant species – Kurinjimala WLS (Neelakurinji).
  • Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala that is included in Project Tiger – Periyar.
  • The year in which Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary was listed on the UNESCO Heritage List – 2012.

Epithets / Nicknames

  • Cuckoo Paradise – Thattekkad.
  • Lungs of Kochi – Mangalavanam.
  • Pakshigramam – Nooranad (Alappuzha).
  • Paradise/Heaven of Migratory Birds (ദേശാടനപക്ഷികളുടെ പറുദീസ) Kadalundi.
  • Queen of Western Ghats (Plant species)Neelakurinji (Scientific Name: Strobilanthes kunthiana).

Bird Sanctuaries & Locations

  • Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary Ernakulam (1983).
  • Kadalundi Bird SanctuaryMalappuram.
  • Kumarakom (Vembanad Bird Sanctuary) – Kottayam (1847).
  • Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Ernakulam (2006).
  • Pakshi Pathalam Bird Sanctuary Wayanad.

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala & their Locations

District Wildlife Sanctuaries Year
Idukki
Chinnar 1984
Kurinjimala / Neelakurinji
(Devikulam Taluk)
2006
Periyar 1950
Kannur
Aralam 1984
Kottiyur 2011
Kollam Sheduruney
  • 1984
Kozhikode Malabar
  • 2010
Malappuram Karimpuzha-New Amarambalam
  • 2003
Palakkad
Choolanoor 2007
Parambikulam 1973
Thrissur
Chimmony 1984
Peechi-Vazhani 1958
Thiruvananthapuram
Neyyar 1958
Peppara 1983
Wayanad
Begur
  • 1973
Muthanga
Thirunelli

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Former Name – Nellikkampetti Game Sanctuary (At the time of Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma).
  • Location – Peermedu Taluk.
  • Headquarters – Painavu.
  • First & Largest Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.
  • First Tiger Reserve in Kerala.
  • Also known as Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Temples – Mangala Devi temple & Sabarimala Temple.
  • British official who was responsible for the creation of the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary – H.C.H Robinson.

Sheduruney Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Wildlife Sanctuary known in the name of a tree.
    • Scientific Name of Shenduruny – Glutta Travancorica.
  • Part of the Kulathupuzha reserve forest.
  • Famous for the remains of Stone Age culture.

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Location – Chittur Taluk, Muthalamada gramapanchayat.
  • Headquarters – Thunakadavu.
  • Wildlife Sanctuary included in the Red data book.
  • Second Tiger Reserve in Kerala in 2010.
  • Adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu.
  • Entry into this wildlife sanctuary is only accessible through Tamil Nadu.
  • Oldest ever teak tree – Kannimara Teak.
  • Tribal Groups – Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar & Mala Malasar.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Location – Devikulam Taluk.
  • The only wildlife sanctuary of Kerala situated in the rain shadow area.
  • Rivers – Chinnar & Pambar.
  • Thoovanam waterfalls (Pambar River).
  • Tribal Groups – Muthuvas & Pulayars.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Located along the borders of Kerala, Tamil Nadu & Karnataka.
  • Headquarters – Sulthan Bathery.
  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is a part of – Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • Second largest Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.
  • Largest tiger population in Kerala.
  • Included under the Project Elephant in 1991–92.
  • Muthanga & Tholpetty are a part of Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
    • Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary shares borders with Mudumalai (മുതുമലൈ) National Park of Tamil Nadu.
  • Tribal Groups – Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyans, Kurichiyas, Ooralis & Kattunaikkans.

📝 Read More: National Parks of Kerala

Kottiyoor Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Lastly formed Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala (18th).
  • Adjacent to Bandipur (Tiger Reserve) National Park of Karnataka.
  • Tribal Group – Cholanayakar (Manjari Colony).
  • Temple – Thruchherumana Temple / Ikkare Kottiyoor Kshetram / Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Temple.

Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Location – Mukundapuram Taluk.
  • Headquarters – Echippara.
  • Tribal Group – Malaya.
  • Rivers – Kurumali River & Mupliam River.

Plants & Animals Found in Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

  • Albatross Butterflies, Siberian stonechat (ചരൽക്കുരുവി)Aralam.
  • Ceylon Frogmouth – Thattekad.
  • Grizzled giant squirrel (ചാമ്പൽ മലയണ്ണാൻ) Chinnar.
  • Indian star tortoiseChinnar.
  • Kannimaram TeakParambikkulam.
  • Malabar Ironwood Periyar Tiger Reserve.
  • Mewa Singh’s night frogMalabar.
  • PeacocksChoolannur.
  • Rare Species of BatsMangalavanam.
  • Reed frogsKakkayam.
  • Vultures (White-rumped & the Red-headed) – Wayanad WLS.
  • White-bellied drongo, Woolly-necked stork** – Aralam WLS.

Rivers & Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

  • Chikkanippuzha (ചീങ്കണ്ണിപ്പുഴ) & Bavali PuzhaAralam
  • Mullayar & KallarNeyyar
  • Karamana RiverPeppara

📝SideNotes:

  • Father of Indian Forestry – Brandis.
  • Ornithology – Study of Birds.
  • Ethology – Study of Animal Behaviors.
  • Total No.of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India –540.
  • No.of Schedules in Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 – 6.
  • Forests are included in the concurrent list after which Indian Constitution amendment – 42.
  • Kerala Forest Research Institute is situated at – Peechi.
  • Headquarters of the Forest Development Corporation – Kottayam.
  • Kerala's First Minister for Food and Forests – K.C. George.
  • Scientific Name of Malabar Ironwood – Hopea parviflora.
    • Found mostly along the Western Ghats, especially in Mookambika WLS (Karnataka).
  • First Biosphere reserve in India – Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986).
    • Largest Biosphere reserve in India – Gulf of Mannar (Tamil Nadu).
  • Biosphere reserves in Kerala – Agasthyamala & Nilgiri.
    • Wildlife sanctuaries in Agasthyamala biosphere reserve – Neyyar, Peppara & Shenduruni.
      • Agasthyamala Peak is situated in – Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary.
      • Highest Peak in Thiruvananthapuram – Agasthyamala.
  • Elephant reserves in Kerala – Anamudi (Idukki), Nilambur (Malappuram), Periyar & Wayanad.
  • Tiger reserves in Kerala – Periyar & Parambikulam.
  • Only Lion Safari Park in Kerala is at – Marakkunnam islands, Trivandrum.
  • India's First Butterfly Park – Thenmala.
  • Steve Irwin Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre is in – Neyyar (2007).
    • Renamed as ‘Agasthya Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre’ in 2009 after Steve’s widow Terri Irwin issued a legal notice for a privacy violation.
  • Who described Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary as one of the 'richest bird habitat on peninsular India' – Salim Ali (India's Famous Ornithologist).
  • Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History is situated at – Coimbatore.
  • The former name of Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary – Bakers' Estate.
  • Only Bird Sanctuary with mangroves – Mangalavanam.
  • Peruvannamuzhi Dam is an integral part of – Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Which bird sanctuary is famous for Chitrakoodan bird nests that is used for making soup – Pakshipathalam.
  • The postal department introduced the Neelakurinji stamp in the year – 2006.
  • Kerala state government banned clear-felling of Natural forest in – 1983.
  • Chikkanippuzha (ചീങ്കണ്ണിപ്പുഴ), Bavali Puzha are the tributaries of – Valappattanam River
  • Headquarters of Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary – Iritty.
  • The first wood depot of Kerala – Alappuzha (1820).
  • Teak Museum situated in Kerala – Nilambur.
  • Author of the book "Keralathile Pakshikal" – K.K. Neelakantan.
*WLS – Wildlife Sanctuary, 
**Newly discovered species.

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