List of Father of Various Fields - Medicine

In this post, we are going to learn about some important scientists/inventors of the past and the present who made significant contributions in the field of Medicine and were acknowledged as Father of their respective fields. 


  • Father of Ayurveda – Charaka.
  • Father of Medicine – Hippocrates.
  • Father of Anatomy – Andreas Vesalius.
  • Father of Modern  Experimental Physiology – Claude Bernard.
  • Father of Surgery (early) – Sushruta.
  • Father of Antiseptic Surgery – Joseph Lister.
  • Father of Plastic Surgery – Sir Harold Gillies.
  • Father of Homeopathy – Samuel Hahnemann.
  • Father of Microscopy – Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek.
  • Father of Pathology – Rudolph Virchow.
  • Father of Bacteriology  – Robert Koch / Antonie van Leeuwenhoek / Ferdinand Cohn / Louis Pasteur.
  • Father of Virology  – W.M. Stanley.
  • Father of Antibiotics  – Alexander Fleming.
  • Father of Immunology – Edward Jenner.
  • Father of Vaccination – Edward Jenner.
  • Father of Polio Vaccine – Jonas Salk.
  • Father of Chemotherapy – Paul Ehlrich.
  • Father of Epidemiology – John Snow.
  • Father of Genetics – Gregor Mendel.
  • Father of Experimental Genetic – T. H. Morgan.
  • Father of Genetic Engineering – Paul Berg.
  • Father of Gene Therapy – William French Anderson.
  • Father of Eugenics – Sir Francis Galton.
  • Father of Blood groups – Landsteiner.
  • Father of Blood Circulation – William Harvey.
  • Father of Endocrinology – Thomas Addison.
  • Father of Cytology – Robert Hooke.
  • Father of Conditioned Reflexes – Ivan Pavlov.
  • Father of Modern Dentistry – Pierre Fauchard.
  • Father of DNA Fingerprinting – Alec Jeffreys.
  • Father of Indian DNA Fingerprinting – Lalji Singh.
  • Father of Psychology – Wilhelm Wundt.
  • Father of Psychoanalysis – Sigmund Freud.


  • Epidemiology – is the branch of study that deals with the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns, and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations and their analysis. Nowadays epidemiology is in news due to the spread of the Corona Virus.
  • Eugenics aka Human Testing – is the practice or advocacy of improving the human species by selective breeding with people of specific desirable hereditary traits.
  • Who is the father of Genetics? Gregor Mendel.  (Previous Year PSC Questions: Civil Excise Officer(Women Excise Guard) 2014)