Indus Valley Civilizations & their Excavators

 

Indus Valley Civilizations & Excavators

The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, flourished around 2,500 BC in the western parts of South Asia, including modern-day Pakistan, Western India, and parts of Afghanistan. 

 In the 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India excavated in the Indus Valley, uncovering the ruins of two ancient settlements, Mohenjodaro and Harappa.

In this post, we will look at the various Harappan/Indus Valley Civilizations and its site excavators, which had a significant impact on both Indian and World history.

List of Indus Valley Civilizations And their Excavators

The table below provides information on different Indus Valley civilizations, their excavators, the year in which they are excavated, their present-day locations, and the river banks near them. 


CivilizationExcavated ByYearPresent Day Location
HarappanRai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni1921Montogomery (Punjab, Pakistan)
(River Ravi)
Mohenjo DaroRakhal Das Banerjee1922Sindh (Pakistan)
(Indus River)
LothalS.R. Rao1957Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
(Bhogva River)
BanwaliR.S. Bisht1973Hisar (Haryana)
RoparY.D. Sharma1955Punjab
(banks of Sutlej)
Rangpur M.S. Vatsa1931Gujarat
(Madar River)
Alamgirpur  Y.D. Sharma & Punjab University1958Meerut
(Hindon River)
Kalibanga Amalananda Ghosh1953Hanumangarh (Rajasthan)
(Ghaggar river)
ChanhudaroN.G. Majumdar1931Sindh (Pakistan)
DholaviraR.S. Bisht1990Gujarat
Sutkagan Dor A.Stein & George Dales 1929Baluchistan (Pakistan)
(Dasht River)
Sokhta KohDales1962Pasni, Pakistan
(Dasht River)
Surkotada J.P. Joshi1964Gujarat (Kutch Plain)
Kot Diji Ghurey1935Sindh (Pakistan)
Dabar KotD. Rendic- Miocevic & J . Korosec1935Balochistan (Pakistan)
Rakhi GarhiAmarendra Nath1963Hisar (Haryana)


📝SideNotes: 
  • Mohenjodaro – The Mound of Dead.
  • Largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent – Rakhigarhi (Hisar district, Haryana).
    • Rakhigarhi has been recommended as an iconic site in the Union Budget (2020-21), with Hastinapur (Uttar Pradesh), Shivsagar (Assam), Dholavira (Gujarat), and Adichanallur in Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nadu).
Thanks for reading !!!

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