List of Important Commissions in India

List of Important Commissions in India

A commission is a government-appointed group entrusted with a particular mission or objective. Commissions can vary in duration, ranging from long-term to short-term. Based on the classification, there are two types of Commissions. They are:

  1. Permanent Commissions.
  2. Ad-hoc Commissions.
 Permanent commissions are established for ongoing purposes, while ad-hoc commissions are established for a singular objective, and their existence concludes once they fulfill their mission and submit their findings to the government.

Commissions and committees hold great significance in the Indian Polity & Constitution section, as numerous questions related to these bodies frequently appear in various Kerala PSC examinations such as the year in which they were established.

List of Permanent Commissions

The table below contains the list of some of the important permanent commissions in the order in which they are established.

CommissionsYear of EstablishmentPurpose
Law Commission1834Initiate legal reforms aimed at promoting justice in society.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)1926Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union Government.

Conduct examinations for recruiting personnel to various Union Government services.

Provide staffing through interviews, advise on recruitment rules, handle disciplinary cases, and offer advice on matters referred by the President of India.
Central Water Commission (CWC)1945Oversee water resource management schemes, conservation, and utilization nationwide.
Atomic Energy Commission of India1948Plan and implement measures, grounded in sound technical and economic principles, for the advancement of atomic energy.
Election Commission (ECI)1950Administer the electoral process across India.
Finance Commission (FCI)1951Recommend the distribution of financial resources between the central government and states.
Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)1956Strategize, promote, organize, facilitate, and assist in the establishment and growth of khadi and village industries in rural areas.
University Grants Commission (UGC)1956Recognize universities in India, allocate funds, and maintain education standards.
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)1964Process and investigate crimes involving central government officials, corporations, businesses, and local authorities under the central government.
Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)1965Stabilize agricultural prices, ensure viable income for farmers, and provide essential agricultural commodities at reasonable prices.
Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC)1966Provide recommendations for improving the public administration system in India.
Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission (JRC)1972Maintain liaison for optimizing the benefits of shared river systems between India and Bangladesh.
Staff Selection Commission (SSC)1975Recruit personnel for various positions within Union Government Ministries and Departments.
National Flood Commission (Rashtriya Barh Ayog)1976Adopt a coordinated, integrated, and scientific approach to flood control issues in the country.
Commission for Additional Sources of Energy1981Formulate and implement policies and programs for the development of new and renewable energy sources.
Telecom Commission1989Oversee various aspects of the telecommunications sector.
National Commission for Women (NCW)1992Safeguard and advance the interests of women in India.
National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)1993Consider inclusions and exclusions in the lists of job reservations for municipalities and advise the government on related matters.
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)1993Protect and promote human rights in India.
National Commission on Cattle2002Provide recommendations for enhancing cattle conditions in India.
Competition Commission of India (CCI)2003Enforce 'The Competition Act, 2002' throughout India.
National Forest Commission2003Review and assess the existing forest policy.
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)2004Protect and improve the conditions of Scheduled Tribes in India.
National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector2004Address issues faced by enterprises in the unorganized sector.
Central Information Commission (CIC)2005Receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved individuals.
National Statistical Commission (NCS)2005Reduce the challenges faced by statistical agencies regarding data collection.

List of Ad-hoc Commissions

The list of some of the significant permanent commissions, listed in the order of their establishment, may be seen in the table below.

CommissionYear of EstablishmentPurpose
Radhakrishnan Commission /
University Education Commission
1948Investigate the higher education needs in India.

Recommended the fusion of secondary education and higher education through the
establishment of the UGC (University Grants Commission)
Kaka Kalelkar Commission 1953Promote and uplift marginalized sections of society.
(First Backward Classes Commission)
States Reorganisation Commission /
Fazl Ali Commission
1953Recommend the reorganization of state boundaries
Mukherjee Commission1959Conduct a re-investigation into the circumstances surrounding the death of Subhash Chandra Bose.
Kothari Commission1964Formulate comprehensive principles and guidelines for educational development across all levels.

Advise the government on establishing a standardized national education pattern in India.
Kapur Commission
1966Inquire into the conspiracy leading to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.
Khosla Commission1970Investigate the circumstances surrounding the death of Subhash Chandra Bose in 1945.
Shah Commission1977Investigate and document the wrongdoings committed during the period of the Indian Emergency.
Mandal Commission1979Identify and classify over 450 backward classes, comprising 52% of the country's population.

Recommend a 27% reservation of seats in academic institutions and government positions for these classes.
Sarkaria Commission1983Examine and assess the balance of power between the central government and the states, suggesting
necessary reforms.

Provide recommendations on the appointment of Governors.
Thakkar Commission1984Investigate and probe the assassination of Indira Gandhi.
Liberhan Commission1992Investigate and document events related to the Babri Masjid demolition.
Jain Commission1996Investigate the assassination of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Nanavati Commission2000Conduct an inquiry into the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.
Narendran Commission2000Study and produce a report on the representation of Backward Classes in the State's public services.
National Commission to review the working of the Constitution2000Suggest changes in electoral laws, and propose the establishment of a national judicial commission for
appointing judges, and recommend the election of the Prime Minister by Lok Sabha.
Nanavati-Mehta Commission2002Investigate and probe the Godhra train burning incident and the subsequent post-Godhra carnage.
U.C. Banerjee Commission2002Inquire into the Godhra incident and the communal riots that occurred in 2002.
Phukan Commission2003Conduct an inquiry into corruption allegations stemming from the Tehelka tapes controversy.
Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities2004Examine a variety of issues related to linguistic and religious minorities in India.
Swaminathan Commission /
National Commission on Farmers (NCF)
2004Develop a sustainable farming system that enhances profitability and competitiveness
in agricultural commodities.
Upendra Commission2004Investigate and probe the alleged rape and murder of Thangjam Manorama Devi.
Mukherjee Commission2005Re-investigate the death of Subhash Chandra Bose.
M.M. Punchhi Commission2007Examine the relationship between the central and state governments regarding center-state relations.

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