Father of Various Fields (India)

Father of Different Fields (India)

The list of fathers in various fields in India is highlighted in the post below. The post may appear silly at times, but it is an important part of the general awareness section of various competitive exams such as UPSC, Kerala PSC, and others.

 Administration & Politics

  • Father of the Nation  Mahatma Gandhi. 
  • Father of Modern India  Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
  • Father of the Indian Constitution  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
  • Father of the Indian National Congress – Allan Octavian Hume.
  • Father of the Indian Renaissance  Raja Ram Mohan Roy. (Confidential Assistant, Grade II Various, 2014)
    • Father of Indian Social Reforms  Raja Ram Mohan Roy. (Lab Technical Assistant, 2014)
  • Father of the Indian Unrest – Bal Gangadhar Tilak. (Data Entry Operator, 2014; Tradesman-Wireman, 2016)
  • Mother of Indian Revolution – Madam Bhikaiji Rustom Cama.  (Data Entry Operator, 2014)
  • Father of Indian Economy and Indian Politics – Dadabhai Naoroji. (Women Police Constable (NCA), 2015)
  • Father of the Indian Workers Movement – Narayan Meghaji Lokhande.
    • Father of the Trade Union Movement – Narayan Meghaji Lokhande. 
  • Father of Peasant Movement – N. G. Ranga.
  • Father of Co-operative Movement in India – Frederic Nicholson.
  • Father of Local Self Government in India – Lord Ripon.  (Higher Seconday School Teacher (Home Science), 2016)
  • Father of Panchayati Raj – Balwant Rai Mehta.  (Surveyor Grade II, Survey And Land Records, 2016; Divisional Accountant, 2016)
  • Father of Linguistic Democracy – Potti Sreeramulu.
    • Father of All-India Movement for the Linguistic States – Potti Sreeramulu.
  • Father of Civil Service in India – Charles Cornwallis.

Press & Literature

  • Father of Indian Newspaper – James Augustus Hickey.
    • Father of Indian Journalism – James Augustus Hickey.
  • Father of Indian Comics – Anant Pai.
  • Father of Sanskrit – Pāṇini.
  • Father of Sanskrit Drama  Ashvaghosha.
  • Father of Modern Hindi Literature – Bhartendu Harishchandra.
  • Father of Indian English Drama – Krishna Mohan Banerji.
  • Father of Modern Indian English Poetry – Nissim Ezekiel.
  • Father of Library Science in India – Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan.

Science & Technology

  • Father of Science and Technology in India – Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar.
  • Father of Indian Geography – James Rennell.
  • Father of Indian Monsoon Model – Vasant Gowarikar.
  • Father of the Indian Chemical Industry – Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray.
  • Father of Indian Mathematics – Aryabhata.
  • Father of Indian Engineering – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
  • Father of Indian Civil Engineering – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
  • Father of Radio Science in India – J. C. Bose.
  • Father of Modern Indian Astronomy – M.K. Vainu Bappu.
  • Father of Indian Meteorology – Dev Raj Sikka.
  • Father of Indian Archaeology – Alexander Cunningham.
  • Father of Veterinary Science – Shalihotra.
  • Father of Indian Ornithology – A.O. Hume.


    • Father of Indian Agronomy – M.S Swaminathan.
    • Father of the Green Revolution in India – M.S Swaminathan.
    • Father of Indian Ecology – Ramdeo Mishra.
    • Father of White Revolution in India – Verghese Kurien.
    • Father of Blue Revolution in India – Dr. Arun Krishnan & Dr. Hiralal Chaudhuri.
    • Father of Pink Revolution in India – Vishal Tewari.
    • Father of Yellow Revolution in India – Sam Pitroda.
    • Father of Gold Revolution in India – Nirpakh Tutaj.
    • Mother of Silver Revolution in India – Indira Gandhi.
    • Father of Indian Horticulture  Dr. M. H. Marigowda.
    • Father of the Indian Irrigation System – Kanuri Lakshmana Rao.
    • Father of Indian Agricultural Economics – M.L. Dantwala.


    • Father of Indian Botany – William Roxburgh.
    • Father of Indian Palaeobotany – Birbal Sahni.
    • Father of Indian Cytology – Arun Kumar Sharma.
    • Father of Indian Phycology – M. O. P. Iyengar.
      • Father of Algology in India – M. O. P. Iyengar.
    • Father of Indian Taxonomy – Henry Santapau.
    • Father of Indian Biotechnology – Kiran Mazumdar Shaw.
    • Father of Indian Plant Ecology – Ramdeo Misra.
    • Father of Indian Plant Embryology – P. Maheswari.
    • Father of Indian Palynology – P.K.K. Nair (Parmeshwaran Krishnan Kutty Nair).
    • Father of Indian DNA Fingerprinting – Lalji Singh.


    • Father of the Indian Software Revolution – FC Kohli.
      • Father of the Indian IT industry – FC Kohli.
    • Father of Indian Hardware – Ajai Chowdhry.
    • Father of Internet & Data Services in India  Brijendra Kumar Syngal.
    • Father of the Indian Supercomputer  Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar.
    • Father of India’s Communication Revolution – Sam Pitroda.
    • Father of Pentium Chip – Vinod Dham.
    • Father of Fibre Optics – Narinder Singh Kapany.**
    • Father of Information Technology and Telecom Revolution of India – Rajiv Gandhi. (Cine Assistant (Unit Boy) (NCA) KFDC LTD 2014)


    • Father of Ayurveda – Charaka.
    • Father of Indian Medicine – Charaka.
    • Father of Indian Surgery – Susruta.
    • Father of Indian Dentistry – Dr. Rafiuddin Ahmed.
    • Father of Indian Forensic Medicine – Dr. J.P Modi.
    • Father of Indian Pediatrics – Dr. George Coelho.
    • Father of Indian Pharmacy – Mahadeva Lal Schroff.
    • Father of Indian Cardiology – Rustom Jal Vakil.
    • Father of Angioplasty in India – Mathew Samuel Kalarickal.
    • Father of Surgical Endocrinology in India – Sivapatham Vittal.

Space, Defence & Technology

    • Father of the Indian Space Programme – Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
      • [Father of the Indian Space Science – Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.  (Stenographer, 2014; Care taker (Male) Social Justice, 2018)]
    • Father of Indian Nuclear Programme – Homi J. Bhabha. 
      • [Father of Indian Nuclear Science – Homi J. Bhabha. (Junior Clerk, Co-operative banks, Services Exam Board, 2014)]
    • Father of India's Missile Programme – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.

Sports & Entertainment

  • Father of Indian Cinema – Dadasaheb Phalke. 
  • Father of Indian Hockey – Dhyan Chand Singh.
  • Father of Indian Cricket – Maharaja Ranjit Sinhji.
  • Father of Indian Football – Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari.
  • Father of Carnatic/ Karnatak Music – Purandara Dasa. 
  • Father of Qawwali – Amir Khusrau.
  • Father of Indian Painting – Nandalal Bose. (Computer Programmer, 2015)
  • Father of Modern Indian Painting – Raja Ravi Varma. (Confidential Assistant, Grade II Various, 2014)
    • Father of Modern Indian Art – Raja Ravi Varma.
  • Father of Indian Animation – Ram Mohan.

Industry & Economics

  • Father of Indian Industry – Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata.
  • Father of Indian Railways – Lord Dalhousie. (Women Police Constable (NCA), 2015)
  • Father of Indian Civil Aviation – J. R. D. Tata.
  • Father of the Indian Hotel Industry – Rai Bahadur Mohan Singh Oberoi.
  • Father of Indian Economics – Mahadev Govind Ranade, Chanakya, Dadabhai Naoroji.
  • Father of Indian Statistics – Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.
  • Father of Indian Budget – James Wilson.
  • Father of Indian Economic Reforms – P.V. Narasimha Rao.
  • Father of Indian Five Year Plan – Pandit Jawaharlal Lal Nehru.
  • Father of National income Accounting in India – V. K. R. V. Rao.
  • Father of Indian Economic Planning – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.  (Women Police Constable (NCA), 2015)
  • Father of Taxation / Father of Tax Reforms in India – Raja Chelliah.


  • Father of Indian Animation – Ram Mohan. 
  • Father of Indian History – Megasthenes.
  • Father of Indian Communism – Manavendra Nath Roy.
  • Father of Modern Legal Education in India – N. R. Madhava Menon.
  • Father of Indian Quizzing – Neil O'Brien.
  • Father of Indian Sociology – Govind Sadashiv Ghurye.
  • Father Of the Indian Army  Stringer Lawrence.
  • Father of the Indian Air Force – Subroto Mukerjee.

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**There is a difference of opinion on the matter "Who is the real father of fibre optics." Some say it's Charles Kao. But it was Narinder Singh Kapany who did an experimental demonstration in 1954 and coined the term "Fibre Optics" (1960) whereas, in 1966, Charles Kao theorized how total internal reflection (TIR) can be used to guide light losslessly for data transmission.

As you can see, Kerala PSC has asked multiple questions on the theme 'List of Indian Fathers in various fields' in several exams. I hope PSC aspirants find this topic useful in the forthcoming PSC examinations, even if it is only worth one mark.


  • Lokmanya – Bal Gangadhar Tilak. 
  • Milton of Bengal – Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray.
  • Spiritual Father of Indian National Movement – Vivekananda.  (Electrician, K.S.F.D.C 2015)
Thanks for reading!!!