Basic Facts about Kerala: For PSC Exams

Basic Facts about Kerala

An overview of Kerala

  • Epithets of KeralaGod's Own Country.
  • State Symbols Click here
  • State Festival Onam.
  • Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan (25 May 2016).
  • Governor Arif Mohammad Khan (6 September 2019).
  • Chief Justice Justice S. Mani Kumar.
  • Formed on 1 November 1956.
  • Total Area 38,863 km2
  • Area Rank – 23rd (1.18% of total land area).
  • Capital Thiruvanathapuram (old name: Ananthapuri).
  • Official Languages Malayalam (Script: Vattezhuthu) & English.









Boundaries & Bordering States:

  • West Arabian Sea.
  • East Western Ghats.
  • North – Karnataka.
  • South-East Tamil Nadu.




Districts sharing no borders with other states – Kottayam, Ernakulam, Alappuzha & Kozhikode.
District sharing boundaries with two states – Wayanad.

Administrative Divisions:

Local Self Government Institutions:

District
Grama Panchayat
Block Panchayat
District Panchayat
Muncipality
Corporation
Thiruvananathapuram
73
11
1
4
1
Kollam
68
11
1
4
1
Pathanamthitta
53
8
1
4
-
Alappuzha
72
12
1
6
-
Kottayam
71
11
1
6
-
Idukki
52
8
1
2
-
Ernakulam
82
14
1
13
1
Thrissur
86
16
1
7
1
Palakkad
88
13
1
7
-
Malappuram
94
15
1
12
-
Kozhikode
70
12
1
7
1
Wayanad
23
4
1
3
-
Kannur
71
11
1
9
1
Kasaragode
38
6
1
3
-
Total
941
152
14
87
6

  • Districts 14
    • Largest District – Palakkad.
    • Smallest District – Alappuzha.
    • Southernmost District – Thiruvananthapuram.
    • Northernmost District – Kasarcode.
    • Districts with
      • Most no. of MunicipalitiesErnakulam (13).
      • Least no. of MunicipalitiesIdukki (2).
      • Most no. of Block Panchayaths – Thrissur (16).
      • Least no. of Block PanchayathsWayanad (4).
      • Most no. of Grama Panchayaths – Malappuram (94).
      • Least no. of Grama Panchayaths – Wayanad (23).
      • Most no. of local self-governing bodies – Malappuram.
      • Largest Forest Area – Idukki.
      • Smallest Forest Area – Alappuzha.
      • Maximum no. of Industries – Ernakulam.
      • Most no. of Post Offices – Thrissur.
      • Most no. of Railway Stations – Thiruvanthapuram.
      • No railway lines in Kerala – Wayanad & Idukki.
  • Taluks 75
    • Southernmost Taluk Neyyattinkara.
    • Northern most Taluk Manjeswaram.
  • Villages 1535
  • Statutory towns* 59
  • Township 1 (Guruvayoor- upgraded to municipality).
  • Cantonments1 (Kannur).
  • Assembly seats – 140+ 1 (Anglo Indian nominee).
    • Southernmost Assembly Constituency – Parasala.
    • Northernmost Assembly ConstituencyManjeswaram.
  • Loksabha seats 20 +1 (Anglo Indian nominee).
    • Southernmost Loksabha ConstituencyThiruvananthapuram.
    • Northernmost Loksabha ConstituencyKasarcode.
  • Rajya Sabha seats 9

Demographics:

    (As per 2011 Census)
  • Population 3,33,87,667
  • Population Rank 13th
  • Population Density 860/Sq Km
  • Population Growth Rate – 4.86%
  • Sex Ratio 1084:1000 (Females:Males)
    • Highest – Kannur (1136:1000)
    • Lowest Idukki (1006:1000)
    District

    • Most densely populated district Thiruvanathapuram (1506 sq.km).
    • Least densely populated district Idukki (254 sq.km).
    • Most populated district Malappuram.
    • Least populated district Wayanad.
    • Hindu 54.73%
      • Highest Thiruvananthapuram.
      • Highest percentage Alappuzha.
      • Lowest percentage Malappuram.
      Christian 18.38%
      • Highest Ernakulam.
      • Highest percentage Kottayam.
      • Lowest percentage Malappuram.
      Muslim 26.56%
      • Highest – Malappuram.
      • Highest percentage – Malappuram.
      • Lowest percentage – Pathanamthitta.
    Jains 0.01%
        • Highest Wayanad.
      Panchayath

      • Most populated PanchayathThanur.
      • Least populated PanchayathIdamalakkudi.

    • Literacy rates 94.00 %

      • Highest: Kottayam (97.21%).
      • Lowest Wayanad (89.03%).
      • 2nd highest Pathanamthitta (96.55%).

    Geography

    • Mean Width – 67 km
    • Highest peakAnamudi (2,695 m).
    • Total Coast Line – 580 km
      • No. of districts having no coastal area5
      • Longest Coastline DistrictKannur.
      • Shortest Coastline DistrictKollam.
      • Longest Coastline Taluk – Cherthala.
      • A corporation with no coastlineThrissur.
    • Beaches – Kovalam, Varkala, Vizhinjam, Shankumukham (Trivandrum) & Payyambalam (Kannur).
      • The longest beach in Kerala – Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach, Kannur (4km).
    • Brackish Water Area – 6250 sq km.
    • Backwaters – Alapuzha, Kollam, Veli, Kochi, Kumarakom.
    • Rivers Periyar, Pamba, Bharathapuzha.
    • LakesVembanad, Sasthamcotta, Ashtamudi.
    • Waterfalls Athirapally, Meenmutty, Vazhachal & Palaruvi.
    • Dams – Idukki, Mullaperiyar, Kakkayam, Idamalayar, Neyyar, Parambikulam.
    • National ParksEravikulam National park, Periyar National Park, Silent valley, Mathikettan Shola National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park & Pampadum Shola National Park.
    • Wildlife SanctuariesAralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary.
    • Tiger ReservesPeriyar Tiger Reserve & Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.
    • Bird Sanctuaries Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, Pathiramanal Bird Sanctuary, Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary.
    • Hill Stations – Munnar, Nelliyampathy.
    • Mountain Passes Palakkad Gap, Thamarassery Churam, Aryankavu Pass, Kambam Pass, Arambadi Pass, Bodi Naickanur Churam, Perambadi Pass.
      • Largest pass in Kerala Palakkad Gap.
      • Southern-most pass in Kerala Aralvaimozhi Pass.

    Sports, Arts & Culture

    • Classical DanceKathakali.
    • Folk DancesMohiniattam, Theyyam, Thullal.
    • FestivalsOnam, Vishu, Christmas & Aluva Shivratri.
    • Famous Pilgrimage CentersSabarimala, Guruvayoor, Sree Padmanabha Temple, Vaikom Temple.
    • TemplesSabarimala, Guruvayoor, Sree Padmanabha Temple, Vaikom Temple
    • MuseumsNapier Museum, Pazhassi Museum, Malayalam Literature Museum
    • StadiumsEMS Stadium, Fort Maidan, Rajiv Gandhi International Indoor Stadium, Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

    Economy

    • Main Industries – Coir, Cashew nuts, Handloom & Handicraft, Bamboo, Tourism.
    • Mineral Resources – Limonite, Rutile, Kaolin, Limestone.
    • Agriculture Products – Rubber, Pepper, Coconut, Tapioca, Paddy, Tea, Ginger, Coffee, Banana, Arecanut & Lemongrass oil.
    • Thermal Power PlantsNTPC Kayamkulam, Brahmapuram Diesel Power Plant, Nallalam Diesel Power Station.
    • Hydroelectric Power PlantsIdukki, Mattupetty, Sabarigiri, Idamalayar, Pallivasal, Peppara, Malampuzha.
    • Seaports Kochi Port, Vizhinjam International Seaport, Valiyathura, Beypore Port.
    • Airports Trivandrum International Airport, Cochin International Airport, Kannur International Airport, Calicut International Airport.

    SideNotes:

    • Statutory town is the place with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board, or notified town area.
    • The exponent of the tagline ‘Kerala-God’s Own Country’ for Kerala Tourism – Walter Mendez.
    • The elephant was declared as our "National heritage animal" in 2010.
    • The Western Ghats
      • 1600 km in length, spans over 6 states (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamilnadu & Kerala), 44 districts, & 142 taluks.
      • 13 National parks.
      • UNESCO world heritage site on 1 July 2012.
      • Gadgil Commission aka Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) & Kasturirangan committee.
      • Oommen V. Oommen Committee Committee appointed by the Kerala government to review Kasturirangan Report.
      • Agasthyavanam, the first biological park of Kerala is located in the Western Ghats.
    • Anamudi Munnar (Eravikulam National Park), Devikulam Taluk, Idukki.

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